It is widely distributed in cultivated soils, gardens, cattle lots, and waste areas. Ethnobotanical Uses for Amaranthus retroflexus Ethnobotanical Use Country/Region Reference Diarrhea US Krochmal, Arnold and Connie. Key words: allelopathy, Amaranthus retroflexus, natural herbicide, weeds Introduction Weeds have been, are, and will continue to be a major constraint to agriculture production throughout the world (National Research Council 1996). Amaranthus retroflexus L. These include a sphingolipid, two flavonoids, four sterols and one amino acid. A guide to the medicinal plants of the United States. The allelochemicals present in A. spinosus are reported to inhibit the germination and the growth of seedlings of various species [3-5]. M. Azizi, Y. Fuji. The leafy stems and flower clusters are similarly used. Nitrate accumulated at lower N(a) in A. retroflexus than C. album. Medicinal Uses. A. retroflexus is eaten as a vegetable in many places of the world and is used for many food and medicinal uses by Native American groups. Edible Uses: Leaves – cooked as a spinach. are potential nitrate accumulators and may contain some soluble oxalates. Amaranth (Amaranthus retroflexus) Amaranth is a beautiful flowering plant from the Amaranthus genus that has been cultivated for over 8000 years. Alvai 233. Pigweed is an annual green vegetable that exhibits the C4 photosynthetic pathway. A. and Ayensu. 59 per cent for A. blitoides and 4. (30-38 cm) Hardiness: Not … (45-60 cm) Spacing: 12-15 in. Vegetables. Family: Amaranthaceae Common Names: Amaranth, Pigweed Description: Amaranth grows in disturbed soil from dry to moist climates. The effect of applied nitrogen (N) on the growth, leaf expansion rate, biomass partitioning and leaf N levels of Chenopodium album (C(3)) and Amaranthus retroflexus (C(4)) were investigated. E. S. Publisher Reference Publications, Inc. Year 1985 ISBN 0-917256-20-4 Description Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Medicinal Plants of China Publication Author Duke. 20 for A. retroflexus, but this is actually too low 340 BOTANICAL GAZETTE [November for the inorganic elements present in the seeds, because the total phosphorus alone is 4 . The young leaves are also edible. Amaranthus retroflexus leaves were collected from northern Iran and identified by Dr. H.R. The parts of the plants most used for medicinal purposes in decreasing order are leaves and aerial parts, fruits, seeds, young stems, bulbs and sap, flower heads, membrane, pods, rhizome and roots, shoots and stems, and young buds. Height: 18-24 in. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Azerbaijan: A decoction and extract is used in diseases of the stomach as sedative and to normalize stomach activity, in constipation as laxative, in diarrhea as obstipated. The decoction and extract of the aboveground parts of the plant is used as antitumor agent and for in skin diseases. Extraction Amaranthus retroflexus leaves were extracted in a soxhlet apparatus with a mixture of MeOH-acetone-water. Amaranthus retroflexus is an annual, herbaceous weed. It grows on every continent on … Infectious diseases: A decoction and extract is used in dysentery. It is also a source of minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, iron, zinc and copper, and important amounts of carbohydrates and proteins. Herbs. Anthelmintic Astringent The plant is astringent, anthelmintic and diuretic[4, 240]. Jun 24, 2016 - Amaranthus Retroflexus Aka Redroot Wild Edible Plants. [3] Use as fodder Description. Toxicity and Risk Factors. - Amaranthus retroflexus L., - Amarante à racine rouge - Common Pigweed - Green amaranth - Redroot - Rough Pigweed - Tall Pigweed - Amarante réfléchie - Armarante pied rouge; Green Pigweed. Sun to Partial Shade. Pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) is one of the most common weeds seen in pastures in the U.S., but you are also likely to see it in your garden. In agriculture there is a world-wide effort to … Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Amaranthus retroflexus is an annual or perennial plant growing from 1 to 1,5m, with green, oval leaves and red or green flowers in inflorescences (bunches). Just better. Amaranthus powellii: sepals of fruit-bearing flowers acute at apex and inflorescence with few, rigid, widely spaced branches of flowers (vs. A. retroflexus, with sepals of fruit-bearing flowers rounded to truncate at apex and inflorescence with few to many, slender, lax branches of flowers). Amaranthus spp. At a given applied N level, C. album had 50% greater leaf N per unit area (N(a)) than A. retroflexus. Closely related Amaranthus species are used as pot herbs, cultivated grains, and ornamental or dye-plants, particularly in Central and South America (Wesche-Ebeling et al., 1995; Mitich, 1997). 1973. Find Sprigs Medicinal Plant Amaranthus Retroflexus Wooden stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Foliage: Grown for foliage. Green Pigweed has slightly less hair than other varieties of pigweed. o and 4 . Family: Amaranthaceae Common Names: Amaranth, Pigweed Description: Amaranth grows in disturbed soil from dry to moist climates. CAUTIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS: Never treat bleeding without first determining its cause. Abstract . Amaranthus retroflexus. Amaranths are branching broad-leaved plants with egg-shaped or rhombic leaves which may be smooth or covered in tiny hairs. Some varieties of amaranths have been used to produce a natural food coloring dye used to give a reddish tint to corn wafers, corn beer (chicha), and other products (Heiser 1964; Sauer 1950a; unknown 1895). J. Authors . Category: Annuals. used. hybridus, Amaranthus palmeri, Amaranthus retroflexus, Amaranthus spinosus and viridis are the species with allelopathic potential. ]. Voucher specimen of this plant was deposited in the central herbarium of medicinal plants, Tehran University of Medical Sceiences. It is also used as a flavouring agent and food additive in many countries, especially in developing countries (Sharifi-Rad et al., 2014). In China, the roots are said to be mildly toxic and overdose can cause dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. Poisonous or antinutritional factors exist in many plants and their historic use was often complemented by elaborate preparation to reduce the effect of any poison. 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