Although it actively forages on the forest floor, this species is rarely found far from its aquatic habitat. Description: The Allegheny mountain dusky salamander inhabits mountain springs, seepages and small headwater streams in forested areas. The habitat of this species is further protected in Ontario by the Provincial Policy Statement under the Planning Act. Separated from the Carolina Mountain Dusky Salamander, the Blue Ridge Dusky Salamander, the Cumberland Dusky Salamander and the Ocoee Salamander by its range and by genetic comparison. Additional detail about legal protection for species at risk in Ontario is available on our Legal Protection page. Some may be encountered far from water. As in all dusky salamander species, a pale line runs diagonally from the eye to the jaw, and the hind legs are larger than the front legs. It can be found far out into forests in wet weather One of five species formerly lumped together and called the Mountain Dusky Salamander, the Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander is best told from its near relatives by it range. Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander's are lungless salamanders that occur in two Canadian provinces (Ontario and Quebec) and throughout the western slope of the Appalachian Mountain system in the eastern United States (Appendix A). The species’ status was confirmed in May 2011. Forestry activities can also degrade aquatic habitat by causing siltation of streams, as well as alter the microhabitat conditions of the forest floor. The underside ranges from dark brown to black. Very common within its range. Females deposit their eggs under moss, rocks, or logs or under logs in or near flowing water. Breeding information: Allegheny mountain dusky salamander is slim and small, and ranges from seven to 10 centimetres in length. One of five species formerly lumped together and called the Mountain Dusky Salamander, the Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander is best told from its near relatives by it range. The Allegheny mountain dusky salamander can be differentiated from all other lungless salamanders in Ontario (eastern red-backed, two-lined and four-toed) by the line running from the eye to the back of the jaw, the heavier body and hind legs that are larger than the front legs. 214 King Street West, Suite 612 Toronto, ON M5H 3S6, © 2010 — 2020 Ontario Nature. Habitat: Fun Facts: They breed on land in the spring or fall and have elaborate courtship rituals. Typically found along streams, in seepage areas, and on wet rock faces. Diet: Charitable registration # 10737 8952 RR0001, Juvenile Allegheny mountain dusky salamander © Scott Gillingwater, Charitable registration # 10737 8952 RR0001, International Union for Conservation of Nature. The larvae of this species can survive in temporary water sources. •More terrestrial than most salamanders. It is found in the northern Cumberland Plateau. Torpor (Hibernation) - Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders apparently emerge from winter refugia in late March and April and remain active on the forest floor through October (Keen, 1979; Pauley, 1993b, 1995a). Other names: mountain dusky salamander, Allegheny dusky salamander. This recovery strategy is specific to the population occurring in Ontario and represents the All… Allegheny mountain dusky salamanders forage primarily at night to avoid desiccation, and eat a variety of aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates. Most individuals have a straight-edged yellowish, reddish, or gray dorsal stripe with several dots or V-shaped markings along the backbone in the middle of the stripe. This species is also heavier bodied than other lungless salamanders, such as the eastern red-backed salamander. They have a round tail and a light line from the eye to the angle of the jaw. The stripe is usually very straight edged and may be various shades of gray, tan, yellow, orange-brown, brown, red, or brick red. This species is rare in Ontario, where it is at the northern limit of its range, and trends in this species’ population levels and distribution are unknown. Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander (Desmognathus ochrophaeus) Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders are the smallest dusky salamander in the state reaching about 4 inches. A dorsal stripe the width of the back leads from the snout to the tip of the tail. Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander. Forest floor invertebrates make up this species' diet. In Canada, this species is known to occur only at one site in Quebec and in a small portion of the Niagara Gorge in Ontario. Habitat: Moist deciduous or mixed hardwood-coniferous forest, small streams, springs and hillside seeps. They reach sexual maturity at 3 to 4 years of age when they have reached a snout-to-vent length of about three centimetres, and may live up to 15 years. The female remains with her eggs until they hatch. The Allegheny mountain dusky salamander is currently listed as Endangered under the Ontario Endangered Species Act, 2007 and Endangered under the federal Species at Risk Act. The Allegheny mountain dusky salamander is grey to brown in colour with mottling on the sides. Description: The Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander is a highly variable salamander. •Active primarily at night. Learn more about reptile and amphibian conservation and what you can do to help these species on our Reptile and Amphibian Stewardship page. It is found in the northern Cumberland Plateau. Allegheny mountain dusky salamander © Scott Gillingwater. The International Union for Conservation of Nature lists the global status of the Allegheny mountain dusky salamander as Least Concern. Stripe colour is age- and sex-dependent, and can be yellow, orange, red, tan or brown. Allegheny mountain dusky salamanders belong to the “lungless” salamander family; they do not have lungs but breathe directly through their skin, which must remain moist to facilitate breathing. Status in Tennessee: Pollution from urban, agricultural or industrial areas is a significant threat to this species. It overwinters in underground retreats or in streams, where it may remain active throughout the winter. Some individuals may have a stripe down the back that can vary in color from yellow to orange, red, or brown. The Ontario population of the Allegheny mountain dusky salamander is especially susceptible to extirpation due to changes in water quality or quantity, since the population relies on a single seepage. | More terrestrial than the other Desmognatus salamanders. Scientific Name: Desmognathus ochrophaeus Size: 2.75-4.25 inches (7-10 cm) in length Status: Abundant . View an interactive map of the known ranges of Allegheny mountain dusky salamanders in Ontario. The Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander is the most terrestrial of the stream salamanders found in Quebec [3]. This stripe can be irregular or straight. Hatchling salamanders emerge from their eggs with external gills and spend up to 10 months as fully aquatic larvae before transforming into adults. Furthermore, in summer, Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders disperse to forested areas around the stream or other water source that serves as their home. Some individuals may exhibit red legs or cheek patches. Coloration in this species (2.5 to 4.5 inches in length) is highly variable. Changes to the groundwater table or stream flow can have significant negative impacts on salamander populations by causing the loss of aquatic habitat, bank instability from excess runoff, or changes to the moisture regimes of terrestrial habitats. Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders will move from the surface to underground refugia with the onset of cold weather. Best places to see in Tennessee: Adults typically have light stripes extending down their backs, from head to tail, often with a row of chevron-shaped dark spots down the middle. Similar Species: This species often has a light stripe down the back with a row of dark, chevron-shaped spots down the middle, which become less apparent with age. Other individuals may have spotting or flecking on the back instead of a dorsal stripe and others, especially males, may be dark with little or no patterning. The tail of the northern dusky salamander is laterally compressed at the base rather than rounded. The aquatic larvae, which are about 1.5 centimetres long when they hatch, metamorphose into semi-terrestrial adults after about one year. In streams, springs and hillside seeps or brown throughout the winter fall and have elaborate courtship rituals,! 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