The leaves of these trees are initially curled up. Ficus trees are a common plant in the home and office, mainly because they look like a typical tree with a single trunk and a spreading canopy. The ficus tree commonly used as an ornamental plant is the species Ficus benjamina, with origins from Southeast Asia and Australia. What’s more, thanks to this detailed description, you’ll know which species you should steer clear of owing to their large sizes and growth. Fiddle Leaf Fig - Ficus Lyrata The fiddle leaf ficus is a tree type plant with the largest leaves of all from this genus. The F.lyrata, also known as the fiddle leaf or banjo fig tree, grows best in bright areas. This species of Ficus is native to Western Asia and the Middle East where these trees grow up to heights of 10 feet to 30 feet. Ficus trees have been widely used in Southern California landscaping and as street trees for the past several decades. Like the Indian banyan, this tree can form aerial trunks that allow the canopy to spread over a large distance—spreads of 200 feet or more have been reported. In other parts of the world, the tree is also known as the strangler figs owing to their way of growing. Fig species are characterized by their unique inflorescence and distinctive pollination syndrome, which uses wasp species belonging to the family Agaonidae for pollination. While it is not possible to discuss each type at length in this article, we have curated a list of all the common and important types of Ficus trees. The genus name Ficus is the Latin name for the cultivated fig. Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. In Islam, the common fig is one of two most important trees, so much so that there is an entire surah dedicated to the tree. The fig tree was also sacred in ancient Cyprus where it was regarded as the symbol for fertility. Ficus is a genus in the Moraceae family. The fruits of the Ficus congesta species tend to grow in large clusters on not just the branches of the tree, but on the trunk as well. When we talk about the width of the plant, Ficus macrophylla trees cover a significant area due to the expansion of their leaves. The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. Its appearance resembles that of a miniature tree or even a bonsai for that matter. Growing edible figs to easiest in warm climates with long, hot growing seasons (generally zones 8 and warmer). The Ficus macrophylal, like the F. benghalensis tree, too is a strangler tree. Ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small. Before you bring a ficus tree home, consider the following needs of this particular plant: A brightly lit room: These plants prefer bright, indirect sunlight. What many people do not know, however, is whether these delectable fruits grow on trees, shrubs, bushes or vines. Ficus microcarpa (nitida) topiary style But it also can be grown as a free-standing tree; it is a recipient of the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society. The Audrey ficus (Ficus benghalensis) is classified as a species of tree ficus that has luscious dark green velvety leaves and striking cream-colored veins. When we talk about the width of the tree, certain subspecies of this category can spread out over a wide area that at times can reach up to several acres. This plant will do very well in any climate consistent with the conditions of the Mediterranean or Middle Eastern region. The sap (latex) of some ficus species can cause allergic skin reactions. The plant will continue to grow as long as it is not in direct sunlight or else it might burn its leaves. This ficus species has large leathery leaves (up to 18 inches) similar in shape to a fiddle, inspiring the common name. This species is sensitive to low light and cold temperatures, so a grower must be cautious when growing the lyrata indoors. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. The F. pumila vines, otherwise known as climbing or even creeping fig plants, are native to East Asia. When grown outdoors, it forms a very tall tree with large (up to 24 inches long) shiny-green oblong leaves. Ficus trees are popular houseplants prized for their attractive foliage. Other common names for this plant include Bengal fig or Indian fig. In cooler zones, it is sometimes possible to get potted figs to produce fruit, but they will need plenty of light and regular feeding. Within the large ficus family (Ficus spp. As surprising as it may sound, Ficus elastica is indeed a rubber tree and it is still a species of the fig tree. These long roots help the tree absorb water, and even draw water from under the ground when required. We know that there may be between 800 and 2000 different species. Ficus is a large genus of about 800-1000 tree and shrub species native to the tropics and subtropics that are often cultivated beyond their native range for their fig fruits or as ornamentals. The genus belongs to the large Moraceae family, which represents 37 genera and ± 1 100 species. Many species of Ficus have aerial roots and are epiphytes (plants that grow on other plants) or hemiepiphytes (plants that begin as epiphytes, but send down roots that eventually reach the ground). There are three types of ficus - tree types, bushy ty This is the fig that most people find in most houseplant stores. The fruit of the common fig is notably rich in vitamins and minerals, and many of these trees, especially some cultivars, are able to produce fruit even without pollination in a process called parthenocarpy. Accompanying descriptions give information on size, distribution and vegetative characteristics including leaf features. They also grow in full sun or as understory trees, explaining why they can take various light levels. Physical description. Ficus microcarpa (nitida) 2000-litre. You can find them in many different textures and heights, but weeping figs are among the most popular indoor trees. Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. And if you’re just planning to plant a tree so that you can enjoy its delectable fruit, then you need to know which one’s the best one to go for. What is a Ficus Tree? Some hardy cultivars of F. carica can be grown in zones 6 and 7. This is a common street plant in tropical Asian countries, occasionally grown as a interesting specimen tree in large private landscapes. It is quite finicky, so be prepared for some specific care requirements. This type of the Ficus tree thrives best in temperatures of 55 to 60°F (12 to 15°C) in winters and in the shade in summers. The Ficus genus of plants includes more than 800 woody species found mostly in tropical zones, with a few extending into warmer temperate regions. However, lack of knowledge about critical aspects of their reproductive ecology currently limits their use, particularly optimal seed collection times and potential interruption of their highly specialized pollination mechanisms. Feeding is not required for outdoor figs, but you will need to keep the trees well-watered. Here are nine fig tree types to consider for your garden. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. and rainforest tree species. This plant needs a warm climate; temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit can kill it. Most Ficus species are evergreen; there are a few deciduous members in nontropical areas. This is the tree seen in the film Jurassic Park, and it has come to symbolize exotic rain forest locations. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. The Sweetness of Figs From Garden of Eden to Modern Day, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs, 5 Different Species of Bird of Paradise Plants, 10 Species of Linden Trees for Your Landscape, 14 Unusual Aloe Species for Your Frost-Free Garden, 10 Great Jasmine Shrubs and Vines for Your Landscape, 9 Recommended Species of Serviceberry Trees and Shrubs. This fruit tree is of great prominence in Jainism as well since the utilization of any fruit belonging to this genus is forbidden. This is eleven less than occur in the southern African subregion (defined as including Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique south … There are over 800 species of trees in the Ficus genus. 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