[49] By 11 April 2013, the tower had reached 108 stories, standing over 500 meters (1,600 ft) tall and thusly exceeding the heights of its two adjacent supertall skyscrapers, the Jin Mao Tower and the Shanghai World Financial Center.[50]. [15], The tower has faced problems attracting tenants due to the absence of all the necessary permits from the local fire department, and consequent impossibility to obtain the official occupancy permit (eventually obtained at end of June 2017). The precision engineering of the building’s twist was found to reduce wind forces by 24%, which in turn resulted in major costs savings. In the event of a fire or other emergency, the building's shuttle elevators are designed to evacuate occupants from specially-designed refuge floors located at regular intervals throughout the height of the tower. State-backed developer Shanghai Tower Construction and Development Co. views the modern design as … [45] By late April 2011, the tower's steel reinforcement had risen to the 18th floor, while its concrete core had reached the 15th floor, and floor framing had been completed up to the fourth floor. Its tiered construction, designed for high energy efficiency, provides nine separate zones divided between office, retail and leisure use.[5][7][14]. The world's second tallest building, Shanghai Tower, will soon open in the Chinese financial capital with a twist -- a 120-degree twist, to be exact. By incorporating best practices in sustainability and high-performance design, by weaving the building into the urban fabric of Shanghai and drawing community life into the building, Shanghai Tower redefines the role of tall buildings in contemporary cities and raises the bar for the next generation of super-highrises. Tokyo, Japan. Room 2986, 29F Shanghai Tower No.501 Mid YinCheng Rd Pudong Xinqu Shanghai Shi, 200120 China. [29] The tower's sub-levels provide parking spaces for 1,800 vehicles.[3]. This attractive and distinctive form will be a milestone in Shanghai city for representing China as a global financial power. [40] Furthermore, rain and waste water are recycled to flush toilets and irrigate the tower's green spaces. [iii] Gensler Company designed the tower according to three main components that are parametrically modified and twisted: The flowing spiraling form of the tower was generated from a rounded triangular plan. The W Hotel is part of the 1.5 million square-foot mixed-use Lincoln Square Expansion project … Supernova Spira. [5] Between that and the outer layer, which twists as it rises, nine indoor zones provide public space for visitors. 2-21 … The W Hotel is just one component within Kemper Development Company’s 1.5 million-square-foot, mixed-use Lincoln Square Expansion project in Bellevue’s Eastside community. Shanghai Tower is in Lujiazui Finance and Trade Zone of Pudong, with Shanghai World Financial Center to the east and Jin Mao Tower to the north. For the design of Shanghai Tower, many international architectural firms had proposed many different designs, these firms includes Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, Kohn Pedersen Fox, Gensler, Foster + Partners and the local firm Shanghai Institute of Architectural Design. Architecture with a twist. [15][16] Since April 26, 2017, the sightseeing deck on the 118th floor has been open to the public. [9] It is the world's second-tallest building by height to architectural top and it shares the record (along with the Ping An Finance Center) of having the world's highest observation deck within a building or structure at 562 m.[10] It had the world's second-fastest elevators at a top speed of 20.5 meters per second (74 km/h; 46 mph) until 2017,[11][12] when it was surpassed by the Guangzhou CTF Finance Center, with its top speed of 21 meters per second (76 km/h; 47 mph). [22][23], The tower takes the form of nine cylindrical buildings stacked atop each other that total 128 floors, all enclosed by the inner layer of the glass facade. The building completes a 120-degree twist, and this, according to Gensler, is the “optimal rotation for minimising wind loads”, which will be cut by 24 per cent. 2 / 16. It is the second tallest (after Burj Khalifa) building in the world. 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